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Scottish Deerhound vs. Irish Wolfhound: What are the Differences?

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Most really big dog breeds were developed to carry out difficult and demanding physical tasks, for which their size was an asset. This includes things like hauling heavy loads, serving in protective or military roles and, as is the case for both the Scottish Deerhound vs Irish Wolfhound, hunting large prey, such as deer.

But while great size gave these and similar breeds impressive strength and the ability to overpower large creatures, the breeders who developed these hunting dogs took steps to ensure the breed also remained very gentle and loving with their humans.

This resulted in dogs who were brawny, imposing and deserving of respect, yet perfectly polite when raised as pets. Most of them make great additions to some families, but it is important to select one that will suit your family well.

Both Scottish Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds fit this description, but it is important to take their considerable differences into account when selecting one for your family.

Below, we’ll compare and contrast the Irish Wolfhound vs Scottish Deerhound, to help you choose the best one for your home.

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Irish Wolfhound and Scottish Deerhound: Breed History

Irish Wolfhound and Scottish Deerhound: Breed History

It is hard to pinpoint an exact history for these two breeds of large sighthounds, but it is said that their lineage goes back as far as Ancient Roman times, but not much has been said about this.

Irish Wolfhounds were reportedly used back in the 15th Century in Ireland as a way to chase off the wolves that threatened to overrun the land. Therefore, they quickly became experts on hunting wolves. Before this, they hunted the Irish elk which is now extinct.

However, the Irish Wolfhound almost went extinct themselves, but the breed was revived during the 19th Century and was then brought to the United States in 1838.

The Scottish Deerhound breed was said to be in Scotland before even the people settled there. They also faced a decline much as the Irish Wolfhound did, but again, the breed was revived in the 19th Century, and the first Deerhound was registered by the American Kennel Club in 1886.

Irish Wolfhound vs Scottish Deerhound: Breed Basics

Both the Scottish Deerhound and Irish Wolfhound are members of the hound group, along with breeds like the bloodhound, dachshund, greyhound, and beagle.

But unlike bloodhounds and other breeds that use their sense of smell to track animals that may be miles away, Irish Wolfhounds and Scottish Deerhounds are both sighthounds who lock their eyes on prey and chase it down.

Both breeds very large dogs and the Irish Wolfhound is actually the tallest dog breed recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The Scottish breed may stand as high as 32 inches at the shoulder and weigh 110 pounds or more, but the Irish breed stands nearly 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weighs up to 180 pounds.

As mentioned above, both Scottish Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds were originally developed for hunting large game, but Irish wolfhounds – who are the more massive and muscular of the two breeds – were also used in military contexts. However, they are primarily kept as pets in the modern world.

The Irish Wolfhound is considerably more popular among modern families than the Scottish Deerhound is. The AKC classifies the Wolfhound as the 73rd most popular breed, while the Deerhound is the 154th most popular breed.

For those who are curious, the AKC currently recognizes 190 breeds in total, which means that the Scottish Deerhound is in the bottom quarter of all breeds in terms of popularity.

Scottish Deerhound vs Irish Wolfhound: Important Similarities and Differences

Because they both descend from similar branches of the canine family tree, Scottish Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds have a number of similarities, but they are also very different breeds, who exhibit a number of unique traits and characteristics.

For example, both dogs have medium-length hair that is fairly coarse and requires relatively little care aside from regular baths and brushing. Both are somewhat greyhound-like in build, although they are larger and heavier than their fleet-footed cousins.

Their personalities are also somewhat similar. For example, the AKC describes the Irish Wolfhound as calm, courageous and dignified, while it describes the Scottish Deerhound as dignified, gentle and polite. Both breeds are moderately sensitive and usually tolerate being left alone.

They are both very affectionate with their families, friendly with strangers and typically get along fantastically with children.

scottish deerhound vs irish wolfhound

Like most other very large breeds, they both have relatively short lifespans. The Irish Wolfhound typically lives only 6 to 8 years, although Scottish Deerhounds occasionally live beyond their eleventh birthday. Both breeds exhibit their share of health problems, but the Irish animal typically suffers more difficulties in this regard.

Scottish Deerhound Health Concerns

This dog breed is susceptible to major health issues. Regular visits with the veterinarian as well as cardiac exams should be done for this large dog breed to help spot serious health problems early on.

Some of the more common health concerns to watch for include gastric torsion, hypothyroidism, neck pain, atopy, cystinuria, and cardiomyopathy.

Irish Wolfhound Health Concerns

This dog breed has a slightly shorter lifespan than that of the Scottish Deerhound and this is partly due to the many other health concerns that plague this breed. Many of their medical problems are considered unique. Additionally, due to their rapid growth, they are also more prone to injury as wolfhound puppies.

Some of the more serious health concerns include cancer, heart disease, bloat and torsion, pneumonia, and liver shunt. Some of the more minor health issues that may arise include joint issues, eye disorders, low thyroid levels, Von Willebrand’s Disease, and rear-end weakness as they get older.

Related Post: Longest Living Large Dog Breeds

Nevertheless, these breeds do exhibit a number of important differences that are important to consider before adding one to your family. There are obvious size differences between the two breeds, as previously discussed, but they also have a number of personality differences too.

For example, Irish Wolfhounds typically get along quite well with other dogs, whereas Scottish Deerhounds are more likely to clash with other canines.

Irish Wolfhounds are the more intelligent and easily trained of the two breeds, and they are also less likely to mouth your fingers and hands during play than Scottish Deerhounds are.

And while both breeds require plenty of space and an opportunity to run on a regular basis, Scottish Deerhounds are generally more intense and have much higher energy levels than their Irish counterparts do.

Irish Wolfhound vs Scottish Deerhound: Perfect Families for Each Breed

Scottish Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds can both make fabulous family pets, but they are both somewhat unusual breeds, who are not suitable for all owners.

To ensure that you obtain a dog that will fit in well with your family, you’ll want to carefully consider their traits, as well as the differences between the two breeds.

Related Post: The 11 Best Large Dog Breeds for Families

Neither of these breeds is good for families living in apartments. They both require large fenced yards and plenty of exercise, and their large bodies will generally wreak havoc in small homes.

The Irish Wolfhound often becomes quite the couch potato upon reaching maturity, but the Scottish Deerhound will retain more youthful energy into adulthood.

Unlike many other breeds, which tend to experience separation anxiety, both of these dogs usually adapt well to families who work long hours. However, the Scottish Deerhound is probably the better choice for such families.

But, neither of these breeds makes a good guard dog. While their size may intimidate and dissuade burglars, these dogs are unlikely to protect your home the way some other breeds will.

Both breeds will require an understanding of basic dog training commands (like all breeds do), but if you are interested in getting a dog that will learn tricks and entertaining commands, the Irish Wolfhound is the better choice.

Not only are Irish Wolfhounds the more intelligent and easily trained of the two breeds, but they also tend to be more interested in pleasing their owners than Scottish Deerhounds, who are a bit aloof.

Like most other large breeds, Scottish Deerhounds and Irish Wolfhounds are both easy to housebreak, and they typically learn where to go to the bathroom quickly. This is fortunate given their large size, and the correspondingly large messes they could create.

Neither breed characteristically develops destructive chewing habits, but it is still important to provide them with appropriate and durable chew toys.

Both dogs are reasonably neat, but the Scottish Deerhound is likely the tidier of the two breeds, as they require less frequent brushing than Irish Wolfhounds do. Unlike Great Danes and many other gigantic breeds, neither of these hounds drool excessively.

Taking all of these factors into consideration, you can see that the Irish Wolfhound is probably the better choice for older adults and families who want a dog who bonds strongly with them and have the ability to accommodate such a massive animal.

On the other hand, families who are more active and won’t be disappointed by a dog that doesn’t learn tricks very readily will likely be good fits for the Scottish Deerhound.

However, homes with other pets – particularly cats or small dogs – may want to use caution when adding a deerhound to the family.

Both of these breeds can make great family pets; you just need to make sure you select the one with the personality and physical traits that will mesh best with your family and home.

Summing Up the Irish Wolfhound vs Scottish Deerhound

Both dog breeds have very similar characteristics that can make it difficult upon first glance to tell them apart. Both breeds possess the same wiry figures reminiscent of the Greyhound, and their hair is quite wiry with comparable coloring.

Summary of Physical Differences

Summary of Physical Differences

However, the Irish Wolfhound is the taller of the two breeds and is often described as muscular due to their neck, legs, and hindquarters. The Scottish Deerhound, on the other hand, has a larger bone structure and its body is very similar to that of the Greyhound.

Additionally, the Irish Wolfhound has a long and curved tail while the Scottish Deerhound’s tail is much longer and reaches almost to the ground. Their ears are another very noticeable difference between the two breeds. The ears of the Irish Wolfhound are smaller while the Deerhound’s ears are longer and appear to almost be folded back.

Summary of Personality Trait Differences

Most will find that the Irish Wolfhound has a much more courageous, confident, and calm personality while the Scottish Deerhound is a lot gentler and polite. The Irish Wolfhound wouldn’t do well as a guard dog, but because of their patience, intelligence, and calmness would make a great addition and companion for a family with children.

Deerhounds are a sweet breed and have proven themselves to be agile and even quick-witted. They are also a very adaptable breed and once comfortable, will return the affection and love of their owner.

You will find each of these breeds to be energetic, and each has their own risk of health problems and complications as well which is something to consider when deciding which breed would make the best addition to your family.

Are you the owner of either of these two breeds? We’d love to hear your thoughts between the Irish Wolfhound vs. Scottish Deerhound. Do you think you selected the best breed for your family? Would you make the same choice again with the benefit of hindsight?

Let us know all about your experiences in the comments below.

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